Yoga Training: not just exercise

By Marcia Montenegro, February 2012

Yoga is increasingly being presented under other names. Sometimes it is called Christian Yoga or Sacred Moves; it may be called "Mind Body Spirit," or another innocuous-sounding name. But whoever is teaching these Yoga classes has likely been trained and tested in accordance with standards set by a larger Yoga organization, such as the Yoga Alliance.

Those teachers who pass the test can register with the Yoga Alliance. On its website, the Yoga Alliance states that in 1999, the Alliance

"established a national Yoga Teachers' Registry to recognize and promote teachers with training that meets our minimum standards. Teachers who meet these standards are eligible to register as Registered Yoga Teachers (RYT®s). In 2005, in conjunction with enhanced and revised standards for registration, we began recognizing and registering teachers with significant teaching experience in addition to training. These teachers can register as Experienced Registered Yoga Teachers (E-RYT®s)." (Source: https://yogaalliance.org/content/what-we-do)

Another article on Yoga on the CANA website discusses an organization that trains Yoga teachers called YogaFit. The article points out that Eastern spirituality is being taught to the teacher trainees, and how the Eastern terms are disguised for the general public taking classes. YogaFit, it turns out, offers training in accordance with the standards of the Yoga Alliance.

The Training

The Yoga Alliance training includes "asanas, pranayamas, kriyas, chanting, mantra, meditation and other traditional yoga techniques." These are all esoteric practices of Yoga, which were secretly taught for centuries in India prior to the 1960s and Westerners visiting India to learn from Hindu gurus. Right away, we can see from this description that this is not "just exercise." (Source: http://yogaalliance.org/content/200-hour-standards)

Pranayama
Pranayama is the Hindu term for the breathing techniques, which are often merely called "breathing exercises." In Yoga (and Hinduism), prana is believed to be a "divine breath" which cleanses spiritually and causes spiritual alterations. Doing pranayama is not merely for physical reasons, but principally for spiritual ones. It also induces a meditative state. Since the purpose of Hatha Yoga, the form of Yoga most popular in the West and what is marketed as exercise, is primarily to prepare one for deeper meditation in more advanced Yoga, this is not surprising.

Kriya and Subtle Channels
Kriya in terms of yoga training indicates an inner cleansing, and the purpose of these exercises is "to cleanse the internal organs and thereby create harmony between the major pranic (related to prana) flows, Ida and pingala, and attaining physical and mental purification and balance" (http://www.anandayogashram.org/asana/SHAT-KRIYAS.html).

Ida and pingala are part of what are called the subtle channels (i.e., invisible) in the body through which energy flows. Yoga, as in the New Age and the occult, posits an invisible "subtle body." One of the Kriya exercises has to do with breathing alternately through the right and left nostrils such that energy moves through these two channels (before she was a Christian, the writer of this article did these exercises). Ida is the left channel and associated with the same properties as Yin in Taoism; pingala is the right channel (same properties as Yang).

The Kriyas consist of "nasal cleansing, abdominal churning, upper digestive tract cleaning, colon cleansing, cleansing of lungs and bronchial tubes," and "steady gazing." (http://www.anandayogashram.org/asana/SHAT-KRIYAS.html).

{Kriyas also refer to spontaneous movements or vocalizations associated with the "pranic energy" and the awakening of the kundalini, the alleged energy coiled at the base of the spine, but in this context, Kriyas refer to the exercises and cleansings noted above).

Mantra
Mantras are words or phrases which one repeats while meditating. Not only can a mantra act as a tool for self-induced hypnosis, but it also allegedly has a spiritual effect on the person chanting or repeating it. Many mantras are the names of Hindu deities. Some say "I bow to Patanjali" (Patanjali is a semi-mythical figure generally credited with organizing the system of Yoga) or "I salute the Sun." (See mantras at http://www.ashtangayoga.info/philosophy/mantra/).

Meditation
Meditation is Eastern meditation, a technique used to bypass thinking. Hinduism (and Buddhism) holds that the mind is a barrier to grasping ultimate reality and realizing the true Self (which in Hinduism is the Atman, the divine self). This type of meditation is designed to bypass thinking; therefore, this method suspends judgment and critical thinking and opens the mind to any influence that may enter.

The Yoga Alliance-endorsed training not only entails a study of the physical body (which is fine) but also the aspects of the subtle body such as "energy anatomy and physiology (chakras, nadis, etc.)."

Energy, Kundalini, and Chakra
Energy in this context has to do with Kundalini and/or Shakti, both invisible energies part of Yoga teachings. Kundalini is the energy allegedly coiled at the base of the spine which is to rise through the invisible chakras (wheels of energy) in the process of one's awakening to enlightenment. Shakti is the primordial cosmic energy.

Nadis
The Nadis are supposed invisible channels of Kundalini energy in the physical body.

Additionally, the website states that there is study of "yoga philosophies." This by definition includes Hindu beliefs.

The Yoga Alliance Annual Conference

The 2011 Yoga Alliance Annual Conference offered a number of sessions for attendees. These include sessions on meditation, mantras, mudras (mudras are hand positions often depicted by Hindu deities and said to enhance the pranic
flow), the "sacred spine," and the Bhagavad Gita, the most famous Hindu text. (http://yogaalliance.org/conf/YALC2011_program.html)

The Yoga Alliance is not a wishy-washy organization trying to dumb down the Hindu roots of Yoga. It is reasonable to assume that anyone who has been trained to teach Yoga has had Hindu teachings, or at the very least, Hindu-tinged New Age teachings.

This article is for Christians who want information on those teaching classes that use Yoga, even if the Yoga name is not used (as is increasingly done). Helpful quotes are below.

Addendum: Relevant Quotes From Yoga Sites

Hatha Yoga Purposes
"In short hatha yogis found that the processes and techniques of hatha yoga produced a genuine purification which positively affected the body, the nervous system, the brain, the mind -- opening up man's heart and eventually opening up the previously blocked channels between heaven and earth - between spirit and nature - between mind and body - crown chakra and root chakra, and the like. Dormant evolutionary circuitry were unearthed, resurrected, and opened up, activated, and integrated." (http://www.rainbowbody.net/Purity/Kriya.htm)

Hatha Yoga and Tantra
"In the Indian tradition, Hatha Yoga is one of the four main traditions of Tantra Yoga. Hatha Yoga is first of all concentrating on the practice of postures (asanas) and breath control (pranayama) to energize the subtle channels (nadis). Thus one might say Hatha Yoga concentrates on the third and fourth steps of the eight-fold path of Ashtanga Yoga. The objective of Hatha Yoga is obviously to remove the obstacles to address the further steps of Pratyahara (sense-withdrawal), Dharana (Concentration), Dhyana (Meditation) and Samadhi (Balance). In many Hatha Yoga schools, these further steps are seen as part of Hatha Yoga." (http://www.sanatansociety.org/yoga_and_meditation/hatha_yoga.htm)

Hatha is the Sun and Moon
"Hatha is also translated as ha meaning "sun" and tha meaning "moon." This refers to the balance of masculine aspects--active, hot, sun--and feminine aspects--receptive, cool, moon--within all of us. Hatha yoga is a path toward creating balance and uniting opposites. In our physical bodies we develop a balance of strength and flexibility. We also learn to balance our effort and surrender in each pose. Hatha yoga is a powerful tool for self-transformation. It asks us to bring our attention to our breath, which helps us to still the fluctuations of the mind and be more present in the unfolding of each moment."
(http://www.yogajournal.com/basics/820)

Asanas
"Exercising postures or Asanas in Hatha Yoga has two essential objectives. The first is that to practice any real meditation, one needs at the least one posture in which one can be perfectly comfortable for a longer period of time. The more such postures one can master, the better the basis for developing the inner meditation techniques. The second objective of exercising asanas in Hatha Yoga is to bring health and energy to body and mind by opening the nadis."
(http://www.sanatansociety.org/yoga_and_meditation/hatha_yoga.htm)

Nadis
"'Nad' means movement. In the Rig Veda, it means stream. In Yoga, nadis are the channels of Kundalini energy. . . . The subtle channels or Yoga Nadis are the channels of mind and the channels of chitta, the feeling self or being."
http://www.sanatansociety.org/yoga_and_meditation/nadis_kundalini_yoga.htm).

Mantras Invoke
"At the beginning of each yoga class, in order to raise the room's energy as well as to relax, focus and uplift our mind, we recite some mantras. These mantras come from the ancient, sacred sanskrit language of Sanskrit. Through their repetition we invoke the spiritual powers of the following deities: Ganesha, Subramanya, Saraswati, the Guru, and Durga Devi."
(http://ammachild.multiply.com/journal/item/56/Hatha_Yoga_-_Mantras?&show_interstitial=1&u=/journal/item)

"Mantras are sacred chants that harness higher vibrational energies, and can raise one's level of consciousness."
(http://www.true-enlightenment.com/mantra-yoga.html)

 

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